Yuma, Arizona - According to NationalCenterfor Injury Prevention and Control, approximately 45 percent of unintentional injury deaths occurred in and around the home. Unintentional home injury deaths of children are caused primarily by fire and burns, suffocation, drowning, firearms, falls, choking and poisoning.
In 2010, playing with fire (usually by children) started an estimated 44,900 fires that were reported toU.S.fire departments, causing an estimated 90 civilian deaths, 890 civilian injuries and $210 million in direct property damage. Roughly two out of every three child-playing fires -- and four out of five associated deaths and injuries -- involve matches or lighters. Most of those killed these fires are under 5, and such fires are the leading cause of fire deaths among preschoolers. Teach children that lighters and matches are fire starting tools (not toys), and keep them locked up.
Make a plan for escaping your home in an emergency and be sure to include a family meeting place where everyone will gather after they have gotten out of the home. Practice this plan with your children. They know what to do at school, help them to learn what to do at home! Children that don’t know what to do may hide, and that is dangerous.
Always be sure you have working smoke alarms in your home. Half of fire deaths could be prevented by the early warning given by a smoke alarm. Change batteries at least annually and test them at least monthly. Smoke alarms save lives!
Even thoughArizonais considered a desert state, every year drowning incidents take the lives of the equivalent of a classroom full of children. Children 4 years old and younger are in the highest risk group and drowning is the leading cause of death forArizonachildren age 1 through 4 years. TheYumaarea has already seen a child drowning death this year andMaricopaCountyhas had 3 child drowning deaths. Families can take simple steps to protect their children around water and avoid the tragedy of unnecessary loss of life. The most basic of these steps comes down to constant, responsible, relentless, adult supervision of any child around water. Always designate a “Water Watcher” whose only responsibility it to watch the kids around water. If they have to leave the immediate area (to answer a phone, use the bathroom, etc.), everyone comes out of the water. This is a rule without exception.
90% of children that suffocated or choked to death in the home were less than 4 years old. According to Safe Kids USA, some of the things you can do to make nurseries or children’s bedrooms safer, include:
-Eliminate openings of more than 3½ inches in headboards or furniture.
-Use a small parts tester to determine if a small toy or toy part is a hazard (a toilet paper tube works well, if it is small enough to fit through the tube, it is a hazard).
-Secure tall and heavy furniture to the walls (using furniture straps/brackets).
-Lay your baby on their back to sleep.
Every year children mistake household chemicals for things that are safe to eat or drink. Statistics from the National Safety Council state that poison centers get a call about poisoning every 15 seconds. A recent survey also said that 53% of poisonings involved children who were under six. To reduce the chances of accidental poisonings:
-Keep all medications out of reach and securely locked away
-Use safety locks on cabinets containing cleaning products or other poisonous chemicals.
-Never keep household chemicals in other than original containers (like pop bottles or milk containers)